Normally, the body itself maintains the blood cholesterol level. However, if we increase the intake of dietary cholesterol, fats, and junk foods, it can cause problems in the body. The mode of eating nowadays increases the risk of increased cholesterol levels in the body, especially the accumulation of LDL. Sometimes, it can be a genetic reason also for the high cholesterol level in our blood. The genetic defect causes the LDL to be prevented from being removed. Diabetes and hyperthyroidism also contribute to the increased level of cholesterol. Too much cholesterol can also have an adverse effect on the functioning of the brain due to the stroke that sometimes results in paralysis. A higher cholesterol level can also increase the production of Î²-amyloid proteins that damages the brain. The higher cholesterol level is also due to obesity and eating unhealthy foods. A sedentary lifestyle can also contribute to the accumulation of cholesterol in the body. A higher cholesterol level can cause chest pain also due to the narrowing of the arteries. It can also cause the accumulation of stones in the gallbladder.
Preventing High Cholesterol Level
While the normal amount of cholesterol is needed for the better functioning of the body, the higher level can pose a lot of risks to the heart, brain, kidneys, and hormones. The body itself is capable of manufacturing cholesterol and maintaining an optimum level of it when also taken from outside. To prevent the risks associated with high cholesterol levels, one should take some precautionary measures through the diet. One should take a balanced diet full of vegetable fruits, cereals, pulses, and nuts, and avoid oily and junk foods. To maintain a healthy cholesterol level, one should also maintain their weight. Doing regular exercises can also control the cholesterol in the body. Drinking too much alcohol can also cause the cholesterol level to increase. To keep it normal, one should avoid drinking alcohol.
Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Symptoms and Causes for high cholesterol level
Just from $13/Page
Functions of the cholesterol
Cholesterol is an essential constituent of the cell membrane and helps to maintain fluidity across them. They also help the animal cell in keeping the membranes intact so that the animal cells do not need the cell wall. It keeps the membrane stable and strong without being rigid and maintains flexibility. The presence of cholesterol in the cell membrane also helps in transportation and nerve conduction. Inside the cells, cholesterol serves as the precursor molecule for many metabolic reactions. cholesterol also acts as a precursor molecule for Vitamin D. It also acts as precursors for the steroid hormones like progesterone, estrogens, testosterone, aldosterone, cortisol, and many more. One of the most important functions of cholesterol is that they are essentially needed by the brain. The total cholesterol donates 25% to the brain only. This is because cholesterol is very much needed for the right development and the protection of the nerves. In addition, the health of the nerve cells is important for the brain to properly function. Cholesterol is also used in the production of bile salt, but higher concentrations in the bile can cause stones in the gallbladder.
LDL and HDL: â€œBad and Good Cholesterolâ€
The cholesterol is transported through the blood with the aid of some proteins called lipoproteins. These lipoproteins can be either Low-Density Lipoproteins (LDL) and High-Density Lipoproteins (HDL). The LDL is the bad cholesterol as a greater amount of this type of cholesterol causes heart problems, while the HDL carries the extra cholesterol back to the liver for its breakdown. The extra cholesterol in the body is eliminated through the liver. The elevated level of LDL in the blood sticks on the walls of the arteries making the passage narrower and thus, increasing the pressure. This accumulation sometimes is broken down and blocks the artery causing a stroke.