These problems call for a better and more effective method or techniques for providing remedies to patients with extensive tissue and organ burns involving the skin (Lutolf and Hubbell 48). Tissue engineering has emerged as a significant and potential technique that provides humans with a complementary or alternative solution to the problem (Lee and Mooney 1882). In this case, tissue engineering seeks to address the problem of organ and tissue failure through the provision of a better and more effective technique such as natural implants, organ mimics that are functional from the beginning, organ mimics that grow towards full functionality, synthetic and semi-synthetic tissue grafting (Metcalfe and Ferguson 413). Previously, biomedical engineering focused on skin equivalents needed to treat major skin burns. However, there is an increasing trend towards developing tissue types through bioengineering, biomaterials, and scaffolds. They are increasingly being used as delivery systems (Eaglstein and Falanga 902). In modern times, several approaches are being used to make both differentiated and undifferentiated cells grow and develop into functional cells of a particular type in order to replace the damaged cells and their functionality on the skin (Bianco and Robey 118). Stem cells, for instance, have provided biomedical science with a potential source of cells that can easily be coaxed into a variety of functional cells because they are both pluripotent and portipotent (Hubbell 556).
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