Specific heat capacity is the measure of the heat energy

In physics, energy is a scalar physical quantity that describes the amount of Work_ that can be performed by a force. Energy is an attribute of objects and systems that is subject to a conservation law required to increase the temperature

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In physics, the temperature is a physical property of a Physical system that underlies the common notions of hot and cold; something that feels hotter generally has the greater temperature of a substance by a certain temperature interval

Celsius is a temperature scale that is named after the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius, who developed a similar temperature scale two years before his death. The SI units for specific heat capacity are either joule per mole-kelvin (J mol–1 K–1) or joule per gram-kelvin (J g–1 K–1). Joseph Black, a Scottish physicist is the man who carried out heat measurements and employed the phrase “capacity for heat”.

He discovered that additional heat energy was needed to raise the temperature of matter with high specific heat capacity compared with those substances with low specific heat capacity.